Main Article Content
Background. There is little evidence describing respiratory disease among 40.5 million small-scale miners worldwide.
Objectives. To describe the prevalence and clinical characteristics of adult respiratory inpatients with silicosis and silicotuberculosis in
a tertiary hospital in Tanzania that serves a small-scale mining region.
Methods. In this retrospective, cross-sectional survey, patient files from admissions between 2010 and 2020 were opportunistically selected and included if a respiratory diagnosis had been made.
Results. Of 223 patients with respiratory conditions, 32 (14.3%; 95% confidence interval (CI) 10.0 - 19.6) were diagnosed with silicosis
and 17 (7.6%; 95% CI 4.5 - 11.9) with silicotuberculosis. Mining was the most frequent occupation in those with silicosis (n=15/32; 46.9%) and silicotuberculosis (n=15/17; 88.2%). Of those with silicosis or silicotuberculosis, 26/49 (53.1%) were aged <45 years.
Conclusion. Our study suggests that silicosis and silicotuberculosis are common among male and female respiratory inpatients with
occupational exposure. The study highlights the role of occupational exposures in respiratory disease in developing economies.
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How to Cite
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