Bedside critical care training: A quasi-experimental study in the paediatric emergency department of a referral hospital in Nigeria

Main Article Content

M T Abiodun
E A Ochaba
A Kpongo-Ogieva

Abstract





Background. There is a need for critical care services outside intensive care units (ICUs), especially in emergency departments (EDs). However, there is a paucity of skilled manpower for ED critical care or emergency critical care (ECC) in resource-limited settings.


Objective. To evaluate the impact of bedside training on emergency critical care practices of clinical staff.


Methods. This was a quasi-experimental study using a pretest - post-test design in a paediatric ED. The intervention was a six-week structured bedside training on bubble continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) and mechanical ventilation. Participants’ actual ECC practices pre and post training were evaluated, including their perceived proficiency on an uncalibrated 100 mm visual analogue scale (VAS). Descriptive and inferential analyses were done; p<0.05 was considered significant.


Results. A total of 35 clinical staff participated in the training, comprising 9 (24.3%) paediatric registrars, 12 (32.5%) senior registrars, 10 (27.0%) nurses, 4 (10.8%) house officers and 2 (5.4%) paediatric consultants. The male:female ratio of the participants was 1:1.6, and their mean (SD) age was 33.24 (6.30 years. Participants’ understanding of testing the CPAP circuit, connecting the patient and weaning significantly improved following training (p=0.004). Their capacity to select appropriate HFNC parameters improved (p=0.013). They performed more endotracheal intubations in the post-training period (p=0.001). Their pretest-post-test proficiency in mechanical ventilation increased on VAS (mean scores 45.26+31.99 v. 63.26+22.26; p=0.038). Also, there was a significant increase in their perceived proficiency in paediatric analgesia/sedation (30.83+29.86 v. 49.83+23.90; p=0.029).


Conclusion. Short-term bedside critical care training enhanced the self-reported competency of paediatric ED staff. There is a need for on-the-job ECC training and retraining of clinical staff in our setting.





Article Details

How to Cite
Bedside critical care training: A quasi-experimental study in the paediatric emergency department of a referral hospital in Nigeria. (2024). Southern African Journal of Critical Care, 40(1), e1141. https://doi.org/10.7196/SAJCC.2024.v40i1.1141
Section
Research Articles

How to Cite

Bedside critical care training: A quasi-experimental study in the paediatric emergency department of a referral hospital in Nigeria. (2024). Southern African Journal of Critical Care, 40(1), e1141. https://doi.org/10.7196/SAJCC.2024.v40i1.1141

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