The need for smoking cessation counselling and nicotine with- drawal therapy for hospitalised patients: A smoking point preva- lence study at Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa

Main Article Content

G Soin
J Kok
A Allie
Q Bhawoodien
K Dheda
A Geragotellis
K Mulisa
A Sibi
T Tarwa
F Leone
R van Zyl-Smit

Abstract





Background. South Africa has high tobacco-attributable mortality and a smoking prevalence of 32.5% in males and 25.6% in females. There are limited data on smoking prevalence and desire to quit in hospitalised patients, who have limited access to smoking cessation services.


Objectives. To determine smoking prevalence and the extent of nicotine withdrawal symptoms, using a hospital-wide inpatient survey.


Methods. A 1-day point prevalence survey was conducted at Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town. All wards except the haematology isolation, active labour and psychiatry lock-up wards were evaluated. Smoking status, withdrawal symptoms and desire to quit were established.


Results. Smoking status was confirmed in 85.8% of inpatients (n=501/584), of whom 31.9% (n=160) were current smokers; 43.5% (n=101/232) of male and 21.9% (n=59/269) of female inpatients were smokers. Documentation and confirmation of smoking status was highest in the maternity wards (100%) and lowest in the surgical wards (79.6%) and intensive care units (70.0%). Smoking prevalence ranged from 47.6% in male surgical patients to 15.2% in maternity patients. Of the smokers, 54.5% reported being motivated to quit, with a median (interquartile range) Fagerström test for nicotine dependence score of 4 (2 - 6), and 31.4% reported moderate to severe cravings to smoke, highest in the surgical wards.


Conclusion. Smoking prevalence was higher in hospitalised patients than in the local general population. Many inpatients were not interested in quitting; however, a third had significant nicotine withdrawal symptoms. All inpatients who are active smokers should be identified and given universal brief smoking cessation advice. Patients with severe withdrawal symptoms should be allowed to smoke outside, and nicotine withdrawal pharmacotherapy should be provided to those who are bedbound or express a desire to stop smoking during the current admission.





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How to Cite
1.
Soin G, Kok J, Allie A, Bhawoodien Q, Dheda K, Geragotellis A, et al. The need for smoking cessation counselling and nicotine with- drawal therapy for hospitalised patients: A smoking point preva- lence study at Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa. Afr J Thoracic Crit Care Med [Internet]. 2024 Jul. 4 [cited 2024 Jul. 18];30(2):e1360. Available from: https://samajournals.co.za/index.php/ajtccm/article/view/1360
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Original Research: Articles

How to Cite

1.
Soin G, Kok J, Allie A, Bhawoodien Q, Dheda K, Geragotellis A, et al. The need for smoking cessation counselling and nicotine with- drawal therapy for hospitalised patients: A smoking point preva- lence study at Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa. Afr J Thoracic Crit Care Med [Internet]. 2024 Jul. 4 [cited 2024 Jul. 18];30(2):e1360. Available from: https://samajournals.co.za/index.php/ajtccm/article/view/1360

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